UPDATE, 1/23/2018: The City Council’s Finance Committee unanimously approved the CPA funding request to restore the Whipple Beal Fence.
UPDATE, 11/17/2017: Newton Community Preservation Committee recommended funding the Whipple Beal Fence Restoration by a 5-1 vote at their meeting on November 16th.
Plans are underway to restore the historic Whipple-Beal cast iron fence at Newton Cemetery. The fence is located on one of the most historically significant lots- not only is it the site of the first burial, but it is surrounded by the last remaining piece of decorative cast iron fencing in Newton Cemetery. The lot was purchased by Orrin and Emeline Whipple when their daughter, Jessie Annie, died of cholera infantum at 3 months old. Her remains were buried in October 1856, the very first burial at Newton Cemetery. Two of her brothers also died as infants, and are buried beside her. Orrin died nearly a year later at 2 months old of the same disease, and Willie lived for only 12 hours when he was born in 1861.
While the fence surrounds the first burial, it is likely that it was put into place years later. Even so, as the last remaining fence of any kind at Newton Cemetery it is an important feature of landscape and commemoration history. Currently, the lot is a regular stop on history tours that are given both publicly and privately.
The fence is representative of a “fashion” popular in the history of garden-style cemeteries like Newton. Blanche Linden-Ward notes in “Silent City on a Hill” that early cemeteries used iron fences to protect monuments on family lots from grazing animals, but the use of fences to enclose family lots was also part of a Victorian-era movement around the “domestication“ of death. This movement saw the beliefs and customs around death and the after-life become more sentimentalized rather than feared, even to the point of using family lots in the new garden-style cemeteries as outdoor “rooms” where family and friends could gather. It was not unusual to see cast iron furniture set on a lot for just that purpose. The features of this particular cast iron fence, while common, are also representative of cemetery iconography popular since Grecian times, but brought into heavy rotation by the Victorian-era sentimentalization of death.
The fence is comprised of ten sections that are made of fluted posts, rails and decorative medallions that depict a traditional cemetery theme of the era. The iron is extremely corroded and rust covers at least 90% of the surface, which is still actively corroding. The original paint has deteriorated significantly and biological growth is readily visible. The fence is no longer plumb and does not sit appropriately on the granite bases that form the foundation. It is currently being stabilized with wooden 2x4’s that have been set into the ground.
3D Laser Scan (courtesy of Feldman Land Surveryors)
Funding is currently being sought to support the restoration effort. A portion of the funds raised will go towards the installation of interpretive signage so the visiting public can learn about the fence and the restoration process. In addition to welcoming private contributions, Newton Cemetery is applying for Community Preservation Act funding to help with the restoration of the fence. The full CPA proposal is available to view at the City of Newotn website:
The Whipple-Beal fence, and Newton Cemetery, represent an irreplaceable cultural element with great educational and research value. If the fence were to be removed because it could not be restored, there would be no visual evidence of this past custom to share with the visiting public. The Friends of Newton Cemetery appreciates your support with this and other restoration efforts. Contributions will help save Newton's history!
The willow tree symbolizes sorrow or mourning. On this fence, the tree can be interpreted as God’s protection for the lamb (child) which is sitting underneath.
In the Christian religion, the lamb represents Christ, the Redeemer. Lambs also represented innocence and virtue. The fact that there are three small children buried here makes these symbols completely appropriate.
The lamb sits atop a fleur-de-lis which represents the mother.
Flowers in general, represent the fragility of life, the rose for innocence.
The acanthus leaves seen at the bottom of the corner posts are one of the most popular symbols seen in cemeteries, representing the Heavenly garden awaiting the deceased.